The abnormal growth of any cells that comprise uterine tissue.
What is Uterine Cancer?
Uterus is the hollow pear-shaped organ in a woman’s pelvis where a fetus (unborn baby) develops and grows. Uterus is also known as the womb. Cancers that arise from the uterus are Uterine cancers. These cancers can arise from the inner or the outer lining of the uterus or the wall of the uterus. The most common site of origin is the inner lining of the uterus and cancers that arise from it are called endometrial carcinoma.
Endometrial carcinoma is one of the most common gynaecological malignancies in developed countries.There are 3 main types of endometrial cancer: carcinomas, sarcomas and carcinosarcomas. Carcinomas also have different subtypes and are the most common type.
Tumors that arise from the wall of the uterus are called sarcomas and those that arise from the outer lining or surface are papillary serous carcinomas that are similar to ovarian cancer.
Bleeding is an early sign of this cancer. And in women post menopause, bleeding usually raises a suspicion, leading to early diagnosis. However, certain types such as serous and clear cell carcinomas and carcinomas may be advanced at the time of diagnosis.